Cordyceps known as Aweto, Caterpillar fungus or Dong Chong Xia Cao (literally means winter worm – summer grass), is a genus of ascomycete fungi from the family of Claviceptaceae. Out of more than 300 different species from the genus over the world, C. sinensis is the only species that is currently recognized and accepted by the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods (ARTG) as a listable substance which can be used as alternative medicine. Moreover, being used in China for more than 1000 years, is Cordyceps sinensis the only species in the genus listed in Chinese pharmacopoeia and allowed for pharmaceutical and prescription use.
Cordyceps sinensis normally grows in a stringent environment where the cold climate, low oxygen contents and pollution-free are needed. And Tibetan highland where altitude is over 4000 meters and sealed with crystal-clear snow over six months a year could only meet such a stringent requirement. Growth involves a dramatic and wonderful process. Initially, the fungus, Cordyceps sinesis, parasitizes the host larva of the specific moth Hepialus Americans. Then spores of Cordyceps sinensis grow inside the caterpillars filling the caterpillar with filaments (hyphae) in winter and eventually replacing the whole caterpillars as plants. In summer, when the snow melts the caterpillar-shaped plant of fungus (sclerotium) grows a stalked fruiting body (stroma) out of the earth and produces spores when mature. The spores are spread in the wind and ready to parasitize the next generation of caterpillars.
In ancient China, this fungus was used exclusively in the Emperor''s Palace because of its rarity, value and power. In recent years, however, as more and more people realize its unique properties and values, the price in the international market has surged more than ten times in merely ten years. Recently retailing price for the selected superior grade of C. Sinensis reached a new peak equivalent to AUD 2700 per Ounce which is almost the same value as Gold. The price trend seems not likely to turn back because the wild collection and supply have greatly reduced due to the lack of resources and the rise of perceptions of environmental protections.
Fortunately, plant and biological scientists have successfully cultivated the fungus via an advanced deep-fermentation technology by using cereals as a culture base incorporated with the strain of fungus Cordyceps. Among all the cultivated Cordyceps, the strain of Cs-4 Cordyceps Sinensis has been well recognized by Chinese Pharmacopoeia which exhibits similar functions and indications as to the wild Cordyceps Sinensis.
Cs-4 Cordyceps Sinensis has not only been proven for its similar chemical compound profile to the wild ones but also possesses even higher contents for some of the key constituents. Meanwhile, many double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials (you can find it in the major medical databases, such as PubMed, etc) have also demonstrated its therapeutic effectiveness and potency. More importantly, these cultivated Cs-4 Cordyceps are environment-friendly, cost-effective, quality-consistent and stable, as well as caterpillar-free.
Maximum Balance Cordyceps capsule contains 100% pure fermentative Cs-4 Cordyceps Sinensis with no starch, preservatives or other excipients contained, and manufactured in Australia with the standard of Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP). Thus a high level of quality control is ensured. Furthermore, the ingredient material has to pass a series of analyses including the identification test by an independent and licensed Australian laboratory before production.
Compared with wild Cordyceps Sinensis, fermented Cs-4 Cordyceps Sinensis contains the most similar chemical profile and is even higher in some aspects. For instance, Adenosine, no less than 0.20%, is 20 times higher than that of a wild one (0.01%); Cordycepic Acid (D-Mannitol) >14 %, nearly doubles that of a wild one, Cordycepin 0.22%, is almost 4 times higher than a wild one.
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